Argentina Senate votes down abortion decriminalization bill


The Argentine Senate voted against a bill that would have decriminalized abortion during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.

Senators voted 38-31 against the measure early Aug. 9 following a 15-hour debate. The measure had been approved in June by the lower house of Congress.

The Argentine bishops’ conference hailed the vote, saying the debate in the country opened an opportunity for dialogue and a chance to focus more on social ministry.

The Senate debate revealed deep divisions in Argentina, where support for decriminalizing abortion drew stronger support in Buenos Aires, the capital, than in the more conservative provinces. Observers attributed that difference to the bill being voted down in the Senate, which includes more representation from outlying areas.

The vote came as a movement of women and supporters of the measure — wearing green handkerchiefs — filled the streets outside the Congress as voting occurred.

Catholics, meanwhile, celebrated the Eucharist.

“Everyone has time to express their viewpoints and be heard by legislators in a healthy democratic exercise. But the only ones that didn’t have an opportunity to make themselves heard are the human beings that struggled to be born,” Cardinal Mario Poli, Pope Francis’ successor in Buenos Aires, said Aug. 8 in his homily at a what organizers called a “Mass for Life.”

In an acknowledgment that the Church could be doing more to work with women, Cardinal Poli said, “We have done little to accompany the women who find themselves in tough situations, particularly when the (pregnancy) has is the result of rape or situations of extreme poverty.”

In a statement after the vote, the bishops’ conference said it was time to address the “new divisions developing between us ... through a renewed exercise of dialogue.”

“We are facing great pastoral challenges to speak more clearly on the value of life,” the bishops said.

More than 75 percent of Argentines still consider themselves Catholic, but the opposition to the abortion bill also came from Protestant and evangelical congregations, prompting the bishops’ conference to acknowledge that “ecumenical dialogue and inter-religious dialogue has grown at this time of joining forces to protect life.”

Analysts in Argentina say Church opposition to the abortion bill started somewhat quietly as the measure was not expected to pass the lower house.

Pope Francis, a native of Argentina, also largely stayed on the sidelines, except for a strong denunciation of abortion in June.

“Last century, the whole world was scandalized by what the Nazis did to purify the race,” he said at that time. “Today, we do the same thing but with white gloves.”

Jose Maria Poirier, publisher of the Catholic magazine Criterio, said that when the lower house voted in favor of lifting the abortion ban, the Church’s hierarchy started to understand something similar could happen with the Senate.  

“So the Argentine Church and various movements and associations became frontally against the bill,” he said.